Ever hear about the ship of Theseus? Greek essayist Plutarch first floated the idea.
Further evidence that the covering in verses 4-7 is a piece of clothing comes from the idiom for "covered" used in verse 4. The Greek essayist Plutarch, who was born during Paul's lifetime, uses the idiom to refer to an external cloth covering, when he describes a man covering his head with part of his tunic to prevent recognition. The idiom is also employed at Esther 6:12 in the Septuagint Greek translation of the Old Testament, from which the apostles frequently quote; when Mordecai is being honored, and Haman had begun to fall, "Haman hasted back to his house mourning, and having his head covered."
Unfortunately, a piece written around A.D. 100 by the Greek essayist Plutarch and bearing the suggestive title "Why Are the Days Named After the Planets Reckoned in a Different Order form the Actual Order?" has been lost forever, and our earliest source on this matter is the third-century Roman historian Dio Cassius.
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Mestrius Plutarchus of Cheronea (c.46-c.126 A.D.) was a wealthy Greek essayist and biographer. His Parallel Lives consists of 50 biographies of Greek and Roman statesmen and soldiers, written principally as moral lessons. Sir Thomas North's translation (printed in 1579 and 1595) is based upon the French version by Jacques Amyot (1559). Shakespeare used Plutarch for several of his plays: Julius Caesar, Coriolanus, and Timon of Athens as well as Antony and Cleopatra.c. 75 CE: Greek essayist and biographer Plutarch (46-120 CE) advocates a vegetarian diet on the grounds that people should view all sentient beings with compassion and treat them with kindness. Although Plutarch is strongly influenced by Pythagoras, his two essays “On Eating Meat” are the earliest known instances in Europe of a philosophy of animal protection that is based entirely on the sentience of nonhuman animals and does not rely at least in part upon the doctrine of reincarnation. It was said that Cleopatra’s intelligence far outweighed her looks. According to Plutarch, a Greek essayist and biographer, Cleopatra was supposedly an irresistible person by her conversation and it was written that she was a bewitching character. It was said that she was a pleasure to be around, but because she was not considered to be a beauty, she had to rely on her intelligence to get to the top of the power chain. In addition, she had to come up with a plan to remove her ten year old brother from power.
Because her brother was only ten at the time he could easily be influenced. However, he had three crooked advisers at his disposal. They were Pothinus, Achillas, and Theodotus, and all three also wanted to control Egypt. Each of these advisors helped him make the daily decisions for Egypt and they also influenced him in many ways. They especially influenced how he was to rule Egypt. Pothinus was the person who managed the guards as well as all the servants. The servants included maids, cooks, and gardeners. Achillas commanded the Egyptian army and Pothinus taught the boy public speaking. All three of his advisors hated Cleopatra and would stop at nothing to remove her from power because they all wanted the power for themselves. It was to their benefit that Ptolemy XIII be the sole pharaoh and that Cleopatra be taken out of the picture altogether.
It just so happened that during Cleopatra’s first two years as queen, the Nile did not flood and therefore things were not as plentiful. Citizens in Alexandra were suffering from famine and this caused rebellion among the people. Of course, Pothinus found a way to blame Cleopatra for these hard times in Egypt and this helped to spread many lies about Cleopatra throughout the kingdom. Soon, the citizens were holding her responsible for all their turmoil. The odds were now against her and the people began to hate her. Her brother and his advisors were also out to destroy her. She soon left for Syria and gathered a small army where she planned to someday return to Egypt and again reclaim the throne. In the 2nd century ad the Greek essayist Plutarch recorded that during the reign of Emperor Tiberius travelers sailing along the west coast of Greece heard a loud voice proclaiming the death of the great god Pan. In Christian legend, this story was associated with the Passion of Christ, which occurred during the reign of Tiberius, and was held to portend the victory of Christ over the pagan gods.”